Lead in Drinking Water
Lead can enter water by leaching from:
Lead in Commercial Products
- Lead-containing pipes
- Brass faucets
- Boiling does not get rid of lead
- Running cold water before use may reduce exposure
Lead is still used in products such as:
Health Risks of Lead
- Bridge paint
- Ceramic glazes
- Automotive batteries
- Imported or older pre-regulation products
Neurological Effects of Lead
- Very hazardous to children.
- Damages the brain and central nervous system; can cause decreased intelligence, reading and learning difficulties, behavioral problems, and hyperactivity.
- Damage can be irreversible, affecting children throughout their lives.
- Hazardous to pregnant women.
- Also hazardous to workers and other adults.
- High blood pressure.
- Loss of sex drive and/or capability.
- Physical fatigue.
- Lead exposure causes permanent damage.
Cardiovascular Effects of Lead
- Neurological effects on children documented at levels below 10 mcg/dL
- EPA actionable level for a child is 40 mcg/dl
- Low exposure effects:lowered IQ, attention deficits,and impaired hearing
- High exposure effects:irritability, convulsions, coma, or death
- Similar effects in adults at higher exposure levels
HOW TO KEEP THE LEAD OUT How Widespread is Lead-Based Paint in Housing?
- Increases risk of hypertension
Year House Was Built/Percent of Houses with Lead Based Paint:
- Before 1940 – 86 percent
- 1940-1959 – 66 percent
- 1960-1978 – 25 percent
- All Pre-1978 Housing – 35 percent
- Open-flame burning or torching.
- Heat gun above 1100º F.
- Power sanding, power grinding, power planing, needle guns, abrasive blasting and sandblasting, without HEPA vacuum attachment.
The Law EPA/HUD have devised procedures to protect children from lead exposure. This is called the RRP Rule. The RRP Rule
Addresses activities that disturb lead-based paint in target housing and child-occupied facilities. It requires:
The RRP Rule: Exclusions
- Renovators to be certified through training.
- Firms to be certified.
- Training providers to be accredited.
- Lead-safe work practices during renovations.
- Pre-renovation education in target housing and child-occupied facilities.
- On or after April 22, 2010, firms working in pre-1978 homes and child-occupied facilities must be certified and use lead-safe work practices during renovations covered by the Rule.
- EPA may authorize states, territories and tribes to enforce the Rule.
The RRP Rule: Enforcement
- Renovation activities where affected components do not contain lead-based paint.
- Emergency renovations (requires cleanup and cleaning verification).
- Minor repair and maintenance activities. Note: This exclusion does not apply to window replacement, demolition or activities involving prohibited practices.
- Renovations performed by homeowners in their own homes.
- CCB/OHA may suspend, revoke, or modify a firm’s certification if the Certified Firm or Certified Renovator is found to be in non-compliance.
- Those firms found to be non-compliant may be liable for civil penalties of up to $5,000 for each violation.
- Those firms who knowingly or willfully violate this regulation may be subject to fines of up to an additional $5,000 per violation, or imprisonment, or both.